What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are what give cannabis different scents ,benefits, and effects. But the longer version is truly scientific, which is why terpene knowledge is particularly useful when treating medical conditions with cannabis, on becoming a cannabis consumer.
Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants, including cannabis. Terpenes are made in the trichomes of the plant, which typically present themselves in cannabis as sticky, mushroom-shaped fibers. In a natural state, these terpenes can repel predators - much like naturally occurring thorns on roses or cacti.
Different strains of cannabis have different terpenes. In fact, there are over 100 different terpenes currently identified in cannabis, with research continually being done to help categorize terpenes and identify their differentiating factors. Some terpenes, such as linalool, have been known to help a person relax when consumed. Others, such as limonene, are known as mood boosters. Some common conditions and suggested terpenes, below:
- Pain Management: Linalool, Caryophyllene, Limonene, Myrcene, a-Pinene, Eucalyptol
- Anxiety Reduction: Linalool, Caryophyllene, Limonene, a-Pinene, Borneol
- Inflammation Reduction: Linalool, Limonene, Myrcene, Humulene
- Insomnia Reduction: Linalool, Myrcene, Terpineol
- Neurodegeneration Management: Linalool, Carene, Eucalyptol, Geraniol
We can’t talk about terpenes without including information about the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect is a term that refers to terpenes reacting in synergy with cannabinoid compounds, such as THC. Together, terpenes and cannabinoid compounds affect your endocannabinoid system - which produces the physical reactions your body has to cannabis.
This interaction is why terpenes that are found in other plants as well as in cannabis do not have the same effects on your body as a terpene that is combined with other cannabinoid compounds. For example, limonene is a terpene also commonly found in citrus fruits, but consuming a citrus fruit won’t produce the same benefits as consuming cannabis with limonene.
At Nice Cannabis, our Cannabis Advisors can help you on your journey match terpene and cannabinoid profiles with your unique desired effects.